Call for better education to curb diabetes
01 May 2015 09:21
Obesity in pregnant women may be having an effect in terms of diabetes
Researchers have called for better public health strategies, after it was discovered that some children born to parents with diabetes stand a greater chance of having the condition.
A study in Sweden found that if the mother or the father has type 1 diabetes, there is a greater chance of their offspring suffering from the condition too.
And obesity and type 2 diabetes in women could also result in children having problems with blood sugar levels.
The research, which examined over 1.2 million children in Sweden, found that babies born to fathers with diabetes are five times more at risk of developing type 1 conditions, compared to those without it.
Meanwhile, those babies with mothers with type 1 diabetes have three times the risk.
The children of mothers with type 2 diabetes have almost double the chance.
The researchers found that mothers who were overweight or obese in early pregnancy risked their child developing type 1 conditions, regardless of whether either parent had diabetes.
The research team behind the study, which is published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes), says better public health strategies should be put in place to help pregnant women keep to a healthy weight.
This, the report says, would help curb the growth of type 1 diabetes across the world.
According to the latest National Paediatric Diabetes Audit, there were 1,000 more children suffering from diabetes in England and Wales last year.
Diabetes needs regular care and anyone holidaying abroad should ensure they have appropriate travel insurance to protect them, should they need medical assistance.
The new study was led by Associate Professor Tahereh Moradi, of the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm.
It also found that a high body mass index (BMI) among mothers led to a 33% increased risk of type 1 diabetes in babies who had parents without diabetes, when compared with maternal BMI in the normal range.
Maternal obesity was associated with an increased risk of diabetes in the children of parents without diabetes, but obese parents with diabetes had no extra risk to their offspring.
The study concluded that heredity for type 1 diabetes is the strongest risk factor of the two when it comes to the development of the condition.