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13 September 2011 11:51
Experts have developed a safer therapy to treat sleeping sickness
Scottish experts have claimed a major breakthrough in the battle against sleeping sickness.
Scientists based at the University of Glasgow believe they have made a significant step forward in developing a safer cure for the condition, which is also known as Human African Trypanosomiasis.
The infection, transmitted by the bite of the tsetse fly, affects thousands of people in African countries every year. It can be fatal if left untreated.
It is highly unsafe for global tourists to travel in the affected countries without a comprehensive
medical travel insurance policy.
Doctors often prescribe an intravenous course of the arsenic-based drug melarsoprol if the disease crosses the blood-brain barrier and enters the central nervous system.
But the drug involved is highly toxic, which makes the therapy painful. It even kills 5% of patients receiving it and leaves many others permanently brain-damaged.
However, Glasgow scientists combined melarsoprol with another substance - cyclodextrins - which surrounds the drug allowing it to be administered orally. This means the melarsoprol is released in to the intestines where it can be dissolved and absorbed more slowly in the gut.
21 April 2017
Want to lower your risk of suffering cancer or heart disease? Then get on your bike.
20 April 2017
Researchers have made a significant breakthrough in understanding the way in which breast cancer grows and spreads.
19 April 2017
Budget airline easyJet has apologised over an incident in which two passengers were ordered to leave an overbooked flight.
14 April 2017
Holidays have topped the priority lists of people approaching retirement, with close to two thirds (64%) aiming to go on more trips once they leave the world of work behind.
13 April 2017
A major bank has outlined plans to become more "dementia-friendly".
12 April 2017
Restrictions should be put in place to curb the drinking of alcohol before early-morning flights, a House of Lords committee has suggested.
11 April 2017
Drivers heading to airports and ferry ports this bank holiday weekend have been told to expect heavy traffic.
People who are beginning to notice signs of grey hair have more to worry about than their image.
07 April 2017
Women who live in built-up areas could face a higher risk of developing breast cancer, according to a new report.
06 April 2017
It's well known that oily fish like mackerel is good for the heart and the brain but experts are now considering whether it can also help people with diabetes.
05 April 2017
The UK could face a "damaging" drop in flights if an aviation deal can't be sorted quickly in the Brexit negotiations, a travel trade group has warned.
04 April 2017
BBC broadcaster Victoria Derbyshire has revealed that losing her hair while undergoing chemotherapy was the "worst bit about cancer treatment".