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13 September 2011 11:51
Experts have developed a safer therapy to treat sleeping sickness
Scottish experts have claimed a major breakthrough in the battle against sleeping sickness.
Scientists based at the University of Glasgow believe they have made a significant step forward in developing a safer cure for the condition, which is also known as Human African Trypanosomiasis.
The infection, transmitted by the bite of the tsetse fly, affects thousands of people in African countries every year. It can be fatal if left untreated.
It is highly unsafe for global tourists to travel in the affected countries without a comprehensive
medical travel insurance policy.
Doctors often prescribe an intravenous course of the arsenic-based drug melarsoprol if the disease crosses the blood-brain barrier and enters the central nervous system.
But the drug involved is highly toxic, which makes the therapy painful. It even kills 5% of patients receiving it and leaves many others permanently brain-damaged.
However, Glasgow scientists combined melarsoprol with another substance - cyclodextrins - which surrounds the drug allowing it to be administered orally. This means the melarsoprol is released in to the intestines where it can be dissolved and absorbed more slowly in the gut.
24 February 2017
Heathrow airport has issued delay and cancellation warnings, after Storm Doris reached nearly 90mph on its way to batter Britain.
23 February 2017
Bowel cancer could be cut by more than a third amid the development of a one-off screening test, new research suggests.
22 February 2017
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21 February 2017
New technology to provide detailed scans of patients could improve the recovery of people suffering with liver cancer, scientists have said.
18 February 2017
At least 10 Britons have been injured in a speedboat accident off the icy coast of Norway.
17 February 2017
Comedian David Baddiel is trying to highlight the "epidemic" of dementia as a killer of older people in a new documentary.
16 February 2017
The public has spoken and the world's favourite cruises are being honoured by a top cruise review site.
15 February 2017
The collaborative #SkiSafe campaign has been relaunched in a bid to raise safety awareness among winter sports enthusiasts.
14 February 2017
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11 February 2017
Patients needing new life-saving medication could have to wait two years after the UK leaves the EU, experts are warning.
10 February 2017
Families looking to take a cheap break in the upcoming half term are often sorely disappointed, however new research suggests Cyprus is the best destination for a well-priced trip.
09 February 2017
Europe remains the world's number one region as a travel destination - but tourism growth is slowing down, a travel industry report has said.